Natalie Bump Vena Advisor: Mary Elena Ella Wilhoit Advisor: Mary Weismantel " Unsettling Age: Lauren Slubowski Keenan-Devlin Advisor: Melissa Minor Peters Advisor: Leptin variation across and within populations" Author: Leonard "A responsibility to speak: Robert Launay "Mums Matter: Intergenerational Effects of Maternal Stress" Author: Christopher Kuzawa "Human Telomere Biology: Evolutionary and Ecological Perspectives" Author: Insights from Cebu, Philippines" Author: Robert Launay "Democracy Building: Kristin De Lucia Advisor: Robin Coleman Goldstein Advisor: From bench to bedside: Accountability in genomic medical research.
I argue that translational genomic medicine research is productive of an ethics of accountability, and that this framework is distinct from the concerns and principles of bioethics. Moving genomic disease risk information from bench to bedside is a way to account for, and a return on investment in basic genomic research as well as reveals forms of accountability in contemporary biomedical research where obligations and responsibilities for health disparities, disease, and the uses of genetic risk information are negotiated among researchers, physicians, research subjects, and community members.
Navigating female cancer experience in the Kingdom of Tonga. Drawing upon the intersections of gender, health and culture, this dissertation focuses on the growing cancer health disparities in the Pacific through the lens of female cancer experience in the Kingdom of Tonga.
Due to the late presentation of the disease and lack of comprehensive cancer health care resources, breast cancer mortality rates in Tonga are disproportionately high. I approach this problem on two levels: Through research at the Ministry of Health , Vaiola Hospital, and the Tongan Breast Cancer Society, I detail the ways Tongan women negotiate tensions between individual agency and the structural conditions that remain a part of everyday life and describe how current conditions of modernity and globalization are transforming the meaning and the management of health and disease.
I argue that the development of effective interventions for female cancers in Tonga will require a multidisciplinary, holistic, and engaged approach foregrounding indigenous conceptualizations and articulations of health and disease in relation to sociocultural, political and economic inequalities.
Working for a happy life in Bangalore: University of Colorado at Boulder. In Bangalore, women who work in information technology IT and other white-collar professions are part of a new generation of middle-class Indian women who expect to work. However, from the demands of work putting stress on families and relationships to sexism that seems ever more entrenched, the promise of work often becomes disappointment. At work, women feel exploited, yet when they leave or go part time they experience a painful loss of self.
As elsewhere, global neoliberal reconfigurations of work in Bangalore are both exploitive and essential in constructing the self. The politics of race, citizenship and the localization of policy in Philadelphia. In the dissertation, I examine citizenship as a set of performances and practices that occur in quotidian tasks that seek to establish a sense of belonging.
I also explore how the racialization of Colombians is transformed by the dynamics of localized policy in Philadelphia, where their experiences of marginalization as Latinos belies the construction of immigrants as a highly valued group, and shaped by the particularities of Colombian history, the imperial nature of US-Colombia relations, and shifting geopolitics among Latin American nations.
Adaptability in a Bhutanese refugee community: Navigating integration and the impacts on nutritional health after U. Increasing rates of overweight, obesity, and related metabolic diseases documented among refugee communities across the United States necessitate greater attention to how processes of integration impact refugee health.
While Bhutanese refugees were among the largest refugee groups entering the US during the five years leading up to this research, very few studies have examined how they have responded to integration and the impact of this transition on their health. I found high rates of overweight and obesity compared to US averages along with age and caste related differences in nutritional status. Overconsumption of energy dense traditional foods stemmed from several interrelated factors: Economies of urban American Indian belonging: Cultivating academic and cultural strength through Title VII programs.
The University of Chicago. This study examines an urban Title VII education program in mid-Michigan, seeking to understand how it facilitates the cultivation of distinct and the seemingly alternative, social worlds and social projects that affect both the positive and problematic distribution of educational and cultural outcomes for Indigenous stakeholders.
This dissertation, therefore, works to approach these programs and their students as complex entities who deserve to be understood in their diversity and multiplicity of layers. By using varied, multi-stage anthropological methods, this study notes the everyday processes and interactions that occur, both on-site and off-site, while keeping broader temporal and spatial, discursive and material, contexts in mind. Rather than pre-judge certain actions as important and others as less so, my research offers a more comprehensive representation of stakeholder experiences and the environment that initiates, mitigates, or otherwise affects those experiences.
Post-apartheid citizenship and the politics of evictions in inner city Johannesburg. Based in Johannesburg, South Africa, this ethnographic study examines the phenomenon of eviction within the context of the post-apartheid constitutional right to housing and legal protections against evictions.
Evictions are treated as a lived experience intrinsically linked to the historical, political, and economic life of inner city Johannesburg and more broadly South Africa. I collected data through participant observation, media sources, archives, interviews, and legal documents. Working at the intersection of urban anthropology and contemporary studies of race and space, I begin by linking the historical process of land dispossession as a result of settler colonialism to current urban formations.
I analyze how the construction of evictions in popular media obscures the consequences of asymmetrical property relations established during the Apartheid era. I address how local activists organize to challenge evictions. Contributing to the broader anthropological study of the city, I conclude by concentrating on the limits of constitutional judgments on behalf of evicted tenants living in transitional housing facilities and explore the way evictions have become metaphors for the incomplete transformation of post-apartheid South African society.
Thinking beyond an evidence-based model to enhance Wabanaki Health: Story, resilience and change. The University of Maine. Despite marked improvements in access to healthcare, researchers continue to report substantial health disparities among Indigenous people. Identification of the upstream causes that result in poor health outcomes for Native Americans is fundamental to finding workable solutions, yet the underlying causes remain largely undefined.
After considering these issues for some time, my research question became: Why do tribal health disparities persist, despite advances in modern medicine and increased access to care? This process caused me to re-consider the concept of health disparities and in doing so, to begin to understand that not only was I observing the issues through a Western, medicalized lens, but that most attempts at addressing poor health outcomes are also directed through the Western evidence base.
Although colonization practices and the resultant historical trauma response are of foundational importance, the lack of an Indigenous evidence base may be the critical reason that health outcomes for Native Americans have not shown marked improvements over time. Future efforts to address tribal health will require a community-based approach tailored to the culture and health practices of Native populations, using Indigenous research methods to further the development of an Indigenous evidence base.
It will be the obligation of the Academy to provide the support needed to help Native Mainers redefine health and appropriate interventions on their own terms.
Ethics and pharmaceutical enhancement in contemporary Germany. Judith Farquhar and Jean Comaroff. Near the end of the last decade, news media in Germany began widely reporting on enhancements: Other reports have stated that university students were regularly taking medications to study; and that schoolchildren were being given attention-deficit disorder medications to improve their academic performance.
I reframe the ethical concerns at stake in pharmacological enhancement, adding to the questions typically voiced by a dominant strand of the bioethics literature. Using the German debate, I show how ethical concerns emerge out of a specific, situated context. Human right or commodity: I examine health care as a human right and health care as a commodity, as experienced in public and private health care and their mixing.
It is well documented that the population holds strong beliefs about publically provided health care, but little is known about what happens to those beliefs when individuals use a mix of public and private health care. The perceptions and experiences of how individuals engage in these strategies indicate that as individuals in this study used a mix of public and private health care, they came to view health care, doctors, and the clinical experience as a commercial marketplace.
Flexible medical citizenship is proposed as a means to understand the uncertainties, vulnerabilities, and inequalities that emerge as the ideologies and practices of public and private health care are mixed in daily life. Taken together, these findings illustrate the impact of neoliberal ideologies on health care, and how the once taboo topic of health care privatization has become more tenable. University of California, Irvine.
This ethnography examines changing relationships between government and business through the emergence of a booming museum industry in developing, postsocialist China. Some sources estimate that in China a new museum opens every three days. Most new museums are built by local governments with public money, and they have become big business for privately held small museum production companies.
This new industry provides services in researching museum content, curating collections, producing artifact replicas, designing exhibits, and constructing interiors. Building on studies of how state power is reproduced in the halls of public museums, I examine how political ideology intersects with small business concerns and design practices to shape new displays of Chinese history and culture in public space. This ethnography is based on participant observation with one of the new museum production companies; interviews with local officials and industry participants; visual analysis of museums of local history, ecology, industry, and urban planning; and analysis of news media and law concerning museums, cultural heritage, and corruption between state and industry.
Public and private, real and fake, original and copy are plastic categories that become meaningful as they are reshaped by everyday practices of governance, business, and design. On the subjects of political economy in Moscow. This dissertation, based on fieldwork in among the economists of Moscow, brings the tools of science studies to the social sciences, building on studies of the co-constitution of objects and rationalities of rule to take seriously the local lives of mathematical economics as culture.
While the Russian right has commanded sustained attention and fear , the nature of Russian liberalism have been largely taken for granted. I reconstruct the genealogies of mathematical economics to understand contemporary Russian liberalism. I argue that, under Stalin, the Soviet Union ceased to have an economy, considered as a realm separate from politics.
In the s, reformist economists constructed models of market-based socialisms, resuscitating an economic hermeneutic of the Soviet polity. They joined forces with military cyberneticians, producing a new form of knowledge: I reveal the s prehistory of the young economists who became the first Yeltsin government and dismantled the Soviet economy.
Making men in the city: Articulating masculinity and space in urban India. Present day Pune, an aspiring metropolis, presents a complex socio-spatial intersection of neoliberal processes and peculiar historical trajectories of caste exclusion; this dissertation seeks to highlight how socio-spatial dynamics of the city produce and sustain gendered identities and inequalities in Pune, a city hitherto neglected in academic research. I follow the lives of young men between 16 and 30 in a neighborhood in the eastern part of Pune, who belong to a scheduled caste called Matang.
I explore ethnographically the deep sense of gendered inadequacy that this lack generates in the young men, articulated in explicitly spatialised terms: Branding a buyi cultural landscape in late-socialist southwest China. Especially in places where other modes of rural-based development may not be valued, branding ethnic identity in a readily recognizable manner becomes a potential means for locals to gain socioeconomic welfare. Even within China , the Buyi — in contrast to other ethnicities such as the Miao Hmong or the Dong Kam — have a lower profile today and are less closely identified with the exoticized, multi-ethnic Guizhou.
As summarized by their local elites, the Buyi — relying on rice paddy agriculture in alluvial strips and river valleys — have become culturally cosmopolitan and physically sedentarized at once. Embodied practices of new middle-classness and the production of world-class New Delhi. The project emerges from two interrelated questions: I argue that the difference of this world-class geography from the wider city, nation, and world is constituted through embodied practices that make the new middle class subject visible in conspicuous and gendered ways.
This dissertation contributes to a growing body of literature on emergent middle classes, as well as to our understanding of the practice of aspiration and the production of space in cities shaped by neoliberal developmental agendas. Moral landscapes of health governance in West Java, Indonesia.
Mark Nichter and Susan Shaw. The democratic decentralization of government administration in Indonesia from represents the most dramatic shift in governance in that country for decades. In this dissertation I explore how health managers in one kabupaten regency are responding to the new political environment. Kabupaten health managers experience decentralization as incomplete, pointing to the tendency of central government to retain control of certain health programs and budgets.
At the same time they face competing demands for autonomy from puskesmas health center heads. This is the first anthropological study of how government officials at different levels negotiate the process of health decentralization in the face of increasing international pressure to achieve global public health goals.
Affects, biopower, and practical reason. Judith Farquhar and Robert Richards. Consequently, it examines a new configuration of both—a political economy of eudaimonia—and a new kind of person emerging at the center of that discourse, a paradoxical biopolitical figure I call homo-eudaimonicus. Finally, through these teleological affects, I also argue for a rethinking of the bios in biopower, to include not just the concept of life itself, but the good life, and with that a teleo-power grounded in experiences of affective fullness.
Telling a tornado story: The role of narrative in memory, identity, and the post-disaster, trauma recovery of Joplin, Missouri. State University of New York at Buffalo. This work examines the traumatic effects of the tornado, how narrative contributes to individual, psychological recovery, how narrative helps shape post-disaster identity for communities, the role of social media in changing access to representation of individual narratives, and material objects related to defining a narrative past.
Techno-economics, neoliberalism, and electricity in the United States. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. This dissertation is a study of emergent economic forms of life.
It investigates recent remakings of economic existence and modes of disseminating these forms of life, and does so with particular reference to the crafting of electricity markets in the United States. It draws on more than a year of fieldwork among experts and users involved in electricity exchange. Anthropological studies of the techno-economic are best equipped to make connections in ethnographic representation between otherwise disparate nodes of social life, like expertise and wires, law and steel, and finally, economics and electricity.
The cultural politics of affective bureaucracy in service delivery to North Korean refugees in South Korea. University of South Carolina. This study explores the affective dimensions and intersecting politics of service operations for North Koreans, focusing on semi-government institutions, Hana Centers in two different regions of South Korea. It probes into how bureaucratic service institutions for North Koreans operate on the ground using affect-laden languages and practices in creating a specific type of clientele subjectivity.
There are underlying politics working in the realm of a so-called neutral service agency, such as Cold War memories, imagined homogeneity regarding ethnicity, and neoliberal changes in the welfare area and beyond. Even though these are hidden on public and formal policy and statements, they inevitably emerge in unexpected contexts in forms of mistrust, conflicts and anxiety among the service providers and the recipients.
This study highlights flexible, performative and emotional aspects of the relationships between the service providers and the service recipients by attending to affective dimensions. It finds that desirable figures of North Korean clientship are represented differently, depending on distinctive characteristics of the locations as well as different modes of governing. Canine conjunctures and indigenous transformations in central Australia.
This dissertation investigates the relationships of Anangu with domestic dogs and native dingoes across their desert homelands in central Australia.
These relationships have emerged, on the one hand, in the midst of colonial articulations with ranchers, missionaries, and bureaucrats at the desert frontier, and, on the other, from the significant and enduring value of Anangu relationships with native animal species like the dingo.
Using translated speech and oral history data, I show how dogs and dingoes capture a range of social values: Since the voter approval of medical marijuana laws in California, marijuana policy has become increasingly liberalized. Producers, however, have remained in the greyest of grey market zones. Federal anti-drug laws and supply-side tactics have intensively targeted them even as marijuana has become more licit.
In this legally unstable environment, marijuana patient-cultivators and underground producers have begun to articulate and assert themselves politically and economically, particularly as the likelihood of full legalization increased. This dissertation explores how producers navigated the nebulous zone between underground and medical markets.
It is based on 19 months of participant-observation fieldwork in Northern California, spanning from to It is focused on two subregions: Both case studies are explored in three chapters focused on: How multi-ethnic women navigate cultural expectations of pregnancy and postpartum emotions.
This dissertation research explores aspects of the social construction of motherhood among low-income, multi-ethnic women in Dallas, Texas. Multiple cultural models of pregnancy and motherhood are encountered by a sample of 30 women during prenatal care, birth and postpartum. The various ways in which women negotiate differing expectations from biomedical care and their own cultural values are analyzed.
Ambiguities in the identification and diagnosing of postpartum depression is elaborated through thematic analysis of interviews from 15 healthcare practitioners, who include postpartum women in their practice.
Interpretation of thematic analysis is accomplished through use of a critical theoretical approach. Some things change, some things remain the same: Negotiating politics, discourse, and change in a job training program. This dissertation examines the ways in which a nonprofit organization and its job-training program have been shaped by decades of public policy and poverty discourses. This project also examines how training approaches and performance goals are informed by discourses on poverty and unemployment.
This project uncovers to what extent cultural, structural and human capital discourses inform training approaches and goals in a post-Keynesian, late-neoliberal landscape and their value in addressing poverty and unemployment. Finally, I examine how various training approaches interact to aid or limit the ability of job training to improve the lives of the poor. Ethnographic methods included participant observation, semi-structured interviews, and documentation review. Results reveal that the job training program relies mainly on cultural and human capital discourses to shape training approaches.
Elements of structural discourses also intersect to impact training. Despite the quality of the technical training, the low wages and stressful working conditions of the culinary industry create challenges for program graduates. The intersections of transnational and internal migration: Gender, kinship, and care. This dissertation analyzes the intersections of different forms of migrations, and how such intersections shape and are shaped by gendered kinship and care relationships.
In other words, I analyze how the ways in which people relate, and how they define and redefine their gender identities as they become mobile in diverse ways.
This dissertation is based on ethnographic research conducted with the Zapotec community of Zegache, Oaxaca, in Mexico City, and in Oregon. I approach the study of different migrations from a transborder perspective that is able to better capture how the crossing of different borders national, regional, ethnic, rural and urban has different meanings and consequences for migrant men and women from Zegache.
The definition of who is a migrant is even more complicated as we consider that men and women from Zegache often engage in more than one form of migration. Thus, women who migrate to Mexico City sometimes will also migrate to the U. In , an estimated 5. For both those diagnosed and their families , the dominant narrative of what this life is like is a harrowing one: Medical anthropologists and sociologists frame the process of learning to live with illness as one of increasing medicalization for those involved.
Even as they increasingly recognize themselves in terms of a caregiving relation, I demonstrate that family members remain concerned with endeavors of family -making. Snyder, Charles Melvin, Jr. Culture, health, and hope: Exploring historical trauma, syndemics, and the application of anthropology to reducing disparities in Native American health.
This dissertation is a study of key elements underlying the poor health status of Native Americans, the constellation of factors that drive this health status, and possible pathways for mitigating the burden of health inequity experienced by the population.
Health disparities reach into every aspect of life and underlie many of the social, political, and environmental challenges facing indigenous populations around the world. While the specific manifestations of the social determinants of health are unique to specific tribes, and even families or clans within tribes, the etiology is not.
Colonialism, and the resulting loss of lives, culture, identity, voice, and place is the base ingredient of a post-colonial trauma syndemic. This dissertation posits that the maintenance and restoration indigenous practices such as storytelling, and traditional tobacco use can reinforce connection to culture and cultural continuity which is a promising protective factor within the post-colonial trauma syndemic. However, in order to effectively address the post-colonial trauma syndemic, further investigation into protective factors must be initiated including an investigation into factors that can be introduced or reinforced as well as provide greater recognition of those that are already in place such resilient oral traditions and knowledge of pre-colonial practices.
An ethnography of a political demand.
Jan 21, · See also the best cultural anthropology dissertations of , , , and As usual, I did a key word search in Dissertation Abstracts International to find dissertations that address topics related to the anthropologyworks mission.
Sep 07, · Example anthropology dissertation topic 1: A study of the way in which language influences social life amongst Bengali immigrants within southern France. Focusing on a growing ethnic minority within France, this dissertation embraces the study of linguistic anthropology and discusses the way in which languages (especially .
Dissertations from PDF. Who Ate the Subfossil Lemurs? A Taphonomic and Community Study of Raptor, Crocodylian and Carnivoran Predation of the Extinct Quaternary Lemurs of Madagascar., Lindsay Meador, Anthropology PDF. Dissertation Research. The first step in the dissertation research is the writing of a proposal. Students take a proposal-writing course in the fall semester of their third year, which will prepare them to work on research funding proposals (IRB approvals required).
Department of Anthropology, Brandeis University. Online Anthropology dissertation writing help from professional PhD and Master's writers. Click one of the Browse This Collection buttons at the right for a complete listing of the contents of this collection. Dissertation: Mobile Berlin: Social Media and the New Europe. Dissertations All dissertations written by students in the Department of Anthropology for the past 12 years are listed chronologically below. All of the department's dissertations are available at the Northwestern University Library and .