They used three different types of columns. All of these columns have a center piece that would be for displaying their Greek God s with what ever decorations. Most of their buildings have not stood the test of time.
Only temples made with marble or limestone these were built as objects of art honoring their different gods. These have been able to withstand the damage that time brings. The Roman architecture used mostly arches in their works. Which held more weight than the columns. Yes they used columns but only as decoration because of the weight. Monumental Greek architecture began in the archaic period, flourished through the classical and Hellenistic periods, and saw the first of many revivals during the Roman Empire.
The roots of Greek architecture lie in the tradition of local Bronze Age house and palaces. The following paper will cover the basic forms of Greek architecture. One of the many types of Greek building structures was Sacred Architecture. The Greeks conceived of their gods in human form, as anthropomorphic representations of the forces and elements of the natural world.
These gods and goddesses were worshiped with sacrifices made at an outdoor altar. At many sanctuaries, the altar was much older than the temple, and some sanctuaries had only an altar. The temple designed simply as a shelter or home for the cult statue and as a storehouse for offerings. This shelter consisted of a cella back wall , a pronaos columned porch , an opisthodomus enclosure , an antae bronze grills securing the porches , and a colonnade that provided shelter for visitors.
The earliest monumental buildings in Greek architecture were the temples. Since these were solidly built and carefully maintained, they had to be replaced only if destroyed. The architectural orders, Doric on the mainland and Ionic in the eastern Aegean, were developed in the archaic temples, and their lasting example tended to make Greek architecture conservative toward changes in design or in building technology.
The Archaic period evolved after the Mycenaen palace collapsed in BCE during the dark ages when people began rebuilding.
Neoclassicism was extremely popular in America, but you can find beautiful examples of neoclassical architecture all over Europe, as well. One famous example is the former Irish Houses of Parliament building, built in the 18th century. In the early years of the U. This style prevalent between about and is called Federal style.
The influence of Ancient Greek architecture is apparent in the use of columns and colonnades. Thomas Jefferson was an architect during the Federal period, and he designed not only his own home, Monticello, but the campus of the University of Virginia in Charlottesville in this style.
Greek Revival architecture became so widespread in the U. This style generally featured the Doric Order in larger buildings, and simpler Doric columns topped with a small pediment without a frieze in houses. The first major public building built in this style was the Second Bank of the United States, built in Philadelphia between and The architect used the Doric Order as a model, but without sculptural decoration.
This plainer look became fairly common. Finally we get to the most recent architectural style to be heavily influenced by the ancient Greeks: Beaux-Arts architecture, particularly in the U.
Elsewhere, Beaux-Arts style includes more Baroque and Rococo elements. This style is lush with decorative elements, but you can still see the Greek influence in the use of the classical architectural orders and the use of marble as a building material.
Oxford Dictionary of Architecture. Oxford University Press, That is undoubtedly the easiest visual link to spot! The use of columns as both decorative and functional has been the hallmark of Greek architectural influence for thousands of years.
But don't forget other items like decorative friezes and overall harmony of proportion, which are also important. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. Im supposed to do a paper about Greek architecture, and I did it last minute, and got lots from this article. I love the information. I have school questions to answer and you helped a lot!
This is really cool! I'm doing a project on it and I can't wait to present. This helped me a lot! Did you know that Minerva is actually the Roman form of the Greek goddess Athena who sprung from Zeus's head fully grown and in battle armor?
This article helped me with my school assignment. Thank you brainy bunny! I also find it very interesting that Thomas Jefferson was an architect himself!
Thank you for writing this Brainy Bunny. I learned a lot about this that I didn't know before. It helped me for my school assignment. Thank you so much. Maurice, there is a lot of symbolism behind the government's choice of architecture.
I hadn't heard the story of the California state seal before, but that is a great example. On the whole, the founding fathers wanted to emphasize the connection with the classical Greek ideals of democracy and personal responsibility for the good of the people.
Do you know the reason as to how US Gov't buildings came about to use Greek style architecture. For example, I am a peace officer in California. On my badge is the California state seal, and within the seal is an image of the Greek Goddess Minerva.
Minerva is used because she was born as an adult and thus California was never a territory before it became a state. I don't have any other articles about architecture specifically, but I do have some about other Ancient Greek topics. Thanks for the info! This is a very useful hub, especially for tourists to Europe.
Those terms are so often splashed all over descriptions in museums and ruins. Thanks for elaborating on them. It is so funny how our architecture is based off of some of ancient Greek architecture. Aesta1, I've never been to Sicily. I'd love to go there and see the Greek influence on their architecture! It is interesting to see how much influence the Greek civilization has on other cultures. We enjoyed exploring this in Sicily. I find the spread of ideas across the globe fascinating, and Greek architecture is a great example of that.
Interesting hub about Greek architecture. In the city where I live, there are some buildings and monuments with the characteristic columns of Greek architecture. My degrees are in Classics, so I couldn't help but pick up a few tidbits about architecture along the way.
Greek Art and Architecture Essays - Essay #1 The Palace of Knossos, a Minoan mud brick and timber structure on a shallow stone foundation, featuring a central courtyard, was constructed on an acropolis.
The Ancient Greeks constructed magnificent architecture. They had three main styles; Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. Doric was the least ornate and Corinthian was the most.
Pediments, friezes, geometry, symmetry, and columns are some of the elements commonly found in Greek architecture, and examples of buildings would be temples and stoae. Religion had a significant influence on the development and purpose of the architecture; the most famous Greek building being the Parthenon, an ancient temple. Greek Architecture Essay Greek Architecture The architecture of ancient Greece is represented by buildings in the sanctuaries and cities of mainland Greece, the Aegean .
The History of Greek Architecture Essay - The History of Greek Architecture The architecture of ancient Greece is represented by buildings in the sanctuaries and cities of mainland Greece, the Aegean islands, southern Italy and Sicily, and the . Greek and Roman Architecture Greek and Roman architecture is truly amazing. They each had great ideas, and fabulous productions. It is said that the Pantheon is to Italy what the Parthenon is to Greece. Both are tremendous monuments that reek of .