The damage to the lungs and intestines can be monitored by imaging tests including: Lung function tests may also have to be performed. These function to measure the size of the lungs, the speed and capacity of air they can breathe in and out, and how well the lungs are delivering oxygen to the blood. Sadly, there is no cure for Cystic Fibrosis. Antibiotics are used to treat and prevent lung infections. Mucus thinning drugs help to reduce the stickiness of mucus, improving lung function. A bronchodilator helps to relax the muscles and keep airways open.
Mechanical devices can also help loosen lung mucus. A chest clapper and an inflatable vest are examples of mechanical devices. People with CF often have to have an implanted feeding tube for extra nutrition because CF harms digestion.
If a victim of CF has severe breathing problems, a double lung transplant may be a possibility, but there can also be huge complications.
Increased fluid intake can reduce mucus. A person with CF should exercise regularly, stay away from smoke, and encourage hand washing to the whole family. Sometimes, parents can be shocked by the diagnosis of their child with Cystic Fibrosis.
The parents may join a support group. The diagnosed children with the disorder may want to join a CF support group to meet with children just like them.
Psychologists are even an option for the whole family. If someone with a family history of Cystic Fibrosis is thinking about having a child, they might want to undergo genetic testing before having children of their own.
The test can help determine the risk of having a child with CF. If someone is already pregnant and the test shows that the baby may be at risk of cystic fibrosis, a doctor can conduct additional testing on the developing child. Parents have terminated pregnancies before for the sake of the sickly child and their hearts. Although genetic testing is not for everyone, it is an option to consider. University Press of Mississippi Jackson, Cystic Fibrosis Research Paper.
Accessed September 14, Another major symptom is being extremely underweight and malnourished. This is caused by the other symptom of not being able to digest foods and retain nutrients. In fact, this symptom of not being able to absorb nutrients or digest foods causes many other symptoms. Diabetes is one of them. As damage to the pancreas from unusable protein channels increases, more and more insulin-producing pancreatic cells are destroyed, causing typediabetes from lack of insulin.
In the lungs, the production of the thick mucus also increases the likelihood of infection, so people with cystic fibrosis are known to have lungs with copious amounts of bacteria in them. Other common symptoms include salty-tasting skin, loss of appetite, weight loss, fatigue, coughing, increased mucus in the lungs and sinuses, recurring episodes of pneumonia, inflammation of the pancreas, and infertility for men.
Because cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease, different populations are more or less likely to have this mutation in the CFTR gene. About one in every twenty-five Americans of European descent is a carrier of the gene, though possibly not infected fully with cystic fibrosis. One in every seventeen-thousand African Americans is a carrier of the mutated gene, and one in thirty-thousand Asian-Americans is a carrier. Overall, the Caucasian race is most susceptible to having cystic fibrosis.
The various treatments for cystic fibrosis have improved astronomically since the disease was first discovered. In the year , patients with cystic fibrosis had a median or average life span of about ten years.
Treatment has developed to the point that the average age to which cystic fibrosis patients survive has been raised to forty-one years of age. When cystic fibrosis was first discovered, there were no treatments available. In , when the CFTR gene was discovered, scientists were intrigued, and in , gene therapy for cystic fibrosis patients began. Since then, scientists have learned much more about how cystic fibrosis affects humans, and many different treatments have been developed to counter some of these symptoms.
This disease is found in children and young adults. On average, the life span of a female with CF is 25 years and 30 years for a male with CF. CF affects different patients in different ways. However, treatments are available to increase the average life span.
CF is an autosomal recessive disorder that is caused by a mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator CFTR gene. It only occurs in children who have inherited two abnormal copies of a specific gene, one from each parent. A parent can be a CF carrier and not have CF but have one normal copy of this gene and one abnormal copy.
CF carriers can pass on their normal copy of their gene or they can pass on their abnormal copy. A child who receives a normal copy from one parent but an abnormal copy from the other parent will be a CF carrier and will not have the disease. Although a child that receives an abnormal gene from both parents will develop CF. If both parents have one abnormal copy of the gene, then each child they produce has a twenty-five percent chance of receiving both abnormal copies and having the disease.
Males and females are equally likely to inherit CF.
- Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is the most common lethal inherited disease, affecting about 30, patients worldwide. In the past decade, strides in patient management and the development of new pharmacological agents, coupled with scientific and technological advances, have increased the mean life expectancy of CF patients to approximately 30 years of age (approximately 50% of CF patients live to .
Cystic fibrosis is a non-gender biased disease that affects the lungs and digestive system. It is also known as mucuviscidosis because of the mucus that builds .
Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disorder that affects the way salt and water move into and out of the body's cells. The most dangerous effect of this disease is the fact that thick mucus blocks the tubes and ducts of the lungs and the digestive system.3/5(4). Diet Health & Disease Cystic Fibrosis Essay Background on cystic fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a chronic disease that affects organs such as the liver, lungs, pancreas, and intestines.
cystic fibrosis essay examples - cystic fibrosis one out of every 2, births in the united states will be diagnosed with cystic fibrosis. this fact makes cystic fibrosis one of the most common genetic diseases in the nation. about 30, americans have the disease, but even though cystic fibrosis is the nations most common genetic disease the. Read Cystic Fibrosis free essay and over 88, other research documents. Cystic Fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis, also known as CF, is an inherited disease that affects the body’s mucus glands/5(1).