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How to Write a Good Conclusion Paragraph

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❶Do such advertisements contribute to creating an informed electorate or a people who choose political leaders the same way they choose soft drinks and soap? Accessed 14 September

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How to Write A Conclusion


The final paragraph should pack a punch, so avoid bogging it down with new ideas or content. What can you say in your conclusion to help convince your readers that they should care about your ideas and argument?

List the main ideas in your essay. Look for any themes you introduced in the first paragraph. You can get a nice sense of closure by returning to the theme you opened with. However, you might expand this theme to include the idea that as human knowledge grows, space is actually becoming smaller. Consider whether you can link your argument to a different context. This helps your reader understand how they could apply the arguments you made to another topic, giving your essay a bigger sense of purpose.

Start with a small transition optional. This can be a cue to your reader that you're ending your essay, and that they need to pay attention.

Though a lot of essays begin their last paragraph with a transition, you don't need to if you feel like it's clear enough that you are ending your essay. The transition can be very simple. Briefly summarize some of the main points. Try taking the first sentences of each body paragraph your topic sentences and rewriting their main points in two or three sentences. This will reinforce your essay's argument, reminding the reader what you were talking about, or arguing for. Avoid summarizing your points exactly as you wrote them.

Your readers have already read your essay. Keep it short and sweet. Any less, and you probably haven't summarized your points enough; any more, and you're probably rambling on a bit too much. Be sure to work your thesis statement into the conclusion in one way or another. You should reference it as you end your essay, even if it's only in passing. Remember, your thesis is the main point of your essay, something you're arguing for.

If someone who reads your conclusion still doesn't know what your thesis is, you haven't done a good-enough job of telling them. Find a way to rework your thesis in an interesting way, using different language. Write authoritatively on your subject. Sounding authoritative means using the right words as opposed to just any old words , relying on solid evidence from other sources, and believing in your own ability to write.

Saying "I think" sounds like you're hedging and makes you sound less authoritative. Don't apologize for your views. They're your ideas, so take ownership of them. Never say something like "I may not be an expert" or "At least this is my opinion," [9] as this weakens your reliability. End with a flourish. Your last sentence should be elegant, to the point, and provocative. This is easier said than done. But it all starts with illustrating the point of your essay.

Ask yourself What is my essay about, and what am I saying? Be playful with your last sentence and pose an ironic by-product of what you're talking about. Then, the end of your essay becomes especially provocative. Make an appeal to emotions. Much of the time, essays are very rational, forgetting about emotions. That's why appealing to people's emotions can be a really powerful way to conclude an essay. Done in the right way, this will help the article have heart.

Just make sure that your conclusion is in keeping with the tone of the rest of your essay. Include a call to action use sparingly. If your essay is truly about getting people to change, then including a call to action is a useful tool to rouse your base. But use it sparingly: In the wrong context an expository essay, or an argumentative essay it can be overkill. Avoid just restating your thesis. Resist the urge to quote. There is usually no need to clog up the ending of your essay with quotes and analysis — that should have been what you were doing in your main paragraphs.

The conclusion is the place where you tie everything together for your readers, not where you introduce new information. Don't use fluffy language. Don't use too many high-flying, two-dollar words in your conclusion. You want it to be readable and relatable, not rigid and boring. Make it clear what you're saying and how many points you're making. Keep new material out of the conclusion. Now is not the time to introduce new ideas or content.

That takes the focus off your original argument and could confuse readers. Don't focus on a minor point or issue in the essay. The conclusion is not the time to nitpick with a small theme in your essay. In fact, it's the time to step back and focus on the big picture. Make sure your essay focuses on the heart of the essay, not one strand of hair. An argumentative essay means a written debate.

You are going to debate your points on a specific statement. Go for double sided statements. For example, "Homework is helpful, but under some circumstances, it poses a hazard. This is a perfect way to end an argumentative essay. Not Helpful 81 Helpful But what if I have already stated the main points in the first sentence of the conclusion? Elaborate on them by giving an example for each point, one sentence each. Read other conclusions to essays to help you to get a better feel for them rather than over-focusing on construction perfection -- learning by seeing other conclusions often works best.

Not Helpful 54 Helpful One great way to start the conclusion of an essay is to restate your thesis, but it depends on the content of the essay and what you want your reader to take away from the essay. Not Helpful 66 Helpful Can I conclude with something that is different from what I wrote in the essay?

The conclusion is a reverse process of the introduction. Start with the thesis statement write it in a different way , then summarize your points. Remember you can only write what supports your body paragraphs, not what's in the body paragraphs themselves. Not Helpful 56 Helpful First, start with a small transition, then briefly summarize some of the main points, after that be sure to work your thesis statement into the conclusion in one way or another.

Finally, end with a flourish. Echoing your introduction can be a good strategy if it is meant to bring the reader full-circle. If you begin by describing a scenario, you can end with the same scenario as proof that your essay was helpful in creating a new understanding.

From the parking lot, I could see the towers of the castle of the Magic Kingdom standing stately against the blue sky. To the right, the tall peak of The Matterhorn rose even higher.

From the left, I could hear the jungle sounds of Adventureland. As I entered the gate, Main Street stretched before me with its quaint shops evoking an old-fashioned small town so charming it could never have existed. Disneyland may have been built for children, but it brings out the child in adults.

I thought I would spend a few hours at Disneyland, but here I was at 1: I could see tired children, toddling along and struggling to keep their eyes open as best they could. Others slept in their parents' arms as we waited for the parking lot tram that would take us to our cars. My forty-year-old feet ached, and I felt a bit sad to think that in a couple of days I would be leaving California, my vacation over, to go back to my desk.

But then I smiled to think that for at least a day I felt ten years old again. By issuing a challenge to your readers, you are helping them to redirect the information in the paper, and they may apply it to their own lives. Though serving on a jury is not only a civic responsibility but also an interesting experience, many people still view jury duty as a chore that interrupts their jobs and the routine of their daily lives.

However, juries are part of America's attempt to be a free and just society. Thus, jury duty challenges us to be interested and responsible citizens. Looking to the future: Looking to the future can emphasize the importance of your paper or redirect the readers' thought process. It may help them apply the new information to their lives or see things more globally. Without well-qualified teachers, schools are little more than buildings and equipment.

If higher-paying careers continue to attract the best and the brightest students, there will not only be a shortage of teachers, but the teachers available may not have the best qualifications.


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Ending the Essay: Conclusions So much is at stake in writing a conclusion. This is, after all, your last chance to persuade your readers to your point of view, to impress yourself upon them as a writer and thinker.

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For example, if you write a paper about zoo animals, each paragraph would probably be about one particular animal. In your conclusion, you should briefly mention each animal again. “Zoo animals like polar bears, lions, and giraffes are amazing creatures.” Leave your readers with something to think about.

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The conclusion should answer the Introduction and offer convincing compelling arguments, based on the facts within the body of the essay. Some say a conclusion is difficult to write. In truth, for the author who has researched and considered the issue, it is the climax and resolution of the struggle to present the issue within the writer’s chosen . When writing a strong essay conclusion, be sure to avoid these teeny-tiny pitfalls able to sink your paper despite it was legen wait for it dary! Don’t write any new information. Your conclusion is about summarizing the thesis and statements.

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Why Do You Need a Strong Conclusion? Before I get into the essay conclusion examples, you should know why writing a strong conclusion is so important. Conclusions are often the most difficult part of an essay to write, and many writers feel that they have nothing left to say after having written the paper. A writer needs to keep in mind that the conclusion is often what a reader remembers best.