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❶Koreans protest with frequency and they protest with fervor —- on all sides of the political spectrum.

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Details regarding these and other general labeling and marking requirements can be found on the Foreign Agricultural Service website pertaining to food and agriculture import requirements at FAIRS Country Report https: Country of origin labeling is required for commercial shipments entering Korea. To learn more about country of origin labeling requirements, please visit http: The Korean Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy MOTIE issues the KC Mark for items that fall under its jurisdiction, formerly comprised of mandatory certification marks for 13 categories, many of which overlapped in testing procedures and functions.

The consolidation of these marks into the KC Mark ensures that companies, both Korean and foreign, will save time and costs due to reduced redundancies introduced into the new system. To learn more, follow this link http: Further labeling and marking requirements for specific products, such as pharmaceutical and food products, are covered by specific regulations from Korean Government agencies responsible for these items.

Korean language labels, except for country of origin markings that must be shown at the time of Customs clearance, can be attached locally on products in the bonded area, either before or after clearance. Guns, narcotics, pornography, subversive material, treasonous material, and counterfeit goods or materials are prohibited entry into Korea. Please visit the Bureau of Industry and Security website at: The Korean Customs Service http: Korea maintains an import declaration system that allows for the immediate release of goods upon acceptance of an import declaration filed without defect.

With the exception of high-risk items related to public health and sanitation, national security, and the environment, which often require additional documentation and technical tests, goods imported by companies with no record of trade law violations are released upon the acceptance of the import declaration without Customs inspection.

Import declarations may be filed at the Customs House before a vessel enters a port or before the goods are unloaded into bonded areas. In both cases, goods are released directly from the port without being stored in a bonded area, if the import declaration is accepted. Exporters can file an export notice to Korean Customs by computer-based shipping documents at the time of export clearance.

All commodities can be freely exported unless they are included on the negative list. Korea Customs Service Telephone: To be alerted on these notifications, please sign up on http: The agency consults with other private organizations to develop standards and certification requirements. The Association establishes industry standards and has been instrumental in creating the current Korean Information and Communication Standards.

TTA also collaborates with international and national standards organizations, such as ITU and other organizations. KATS establishes guidelines for government and private sector institutions to perform reliability assessment and certification. It also performs market surveillance on Korean Certification KC -marked products and penalizes products that do not meet KC requirements.

As such, Korea must apply open procedures for the adoption of standards, announce recommended standards, provide sufficient information on proposed standards or alterations in standards, and allow sufficient time for countries and other stakeholders to comment on proposed standards implementation. KATS issues certification marks for new technologies and recognizes quality products manufactured by Korean companies mainly to promote exports and also imports into Korea.

The KC Mark is required to reduce and minimize repetitive testing at various ministries and agencies. The consolidation of these marks ensures that companies, both Korean and foreign, will save time and costs due to reduced redundancies introduced into this new system. The articles are generally published only in Korean.

Proposed revisions or establishment of regulations in Korea are made by the Director of Technical Regulations via the website: Embassy, Commercial Section for assistance with revised or new standards. Free Trade Agreement on March 15, Substantive principles of the APEC Forum include investment liberalization, tariff reduction, deregulation, government procurement, and strengthening IPR protection.

The plan also allows foreign lawyers to temporarily stay in Korea to handle cases requiring international mediation. An attorney from a country with a free trade agreement in place with South Korea is eligible to apply to be an FLC. They must have at least a three-year work experience in their respective jurisdiction. In order to hold chief status, they must have seven years of experience overall.

Foreign attorneys must seek approval by the Minister of Justice http: They are not allowed to hire Korean accountants.

Dressing well has long been important, but though pretty much anything goes for local girls these days, foreign women may be assumed to be brazen hussies or Russian prostitutes if they wear revealing clothing. Foreigners will see Koreans bowing all the time, even during telephone conversations. Attracting attention is also done differently here — you beckon with fingers fluttering beneath a downward-facing palm, rather than with your index fingers protruding hook-like from an upturned one.

Koreans are great lovers of business cards , which are exchanged in all meetings that have even a whiff of commerce about them. The humble rectangles garner far greater respect than they do in the West, and folding or stuffing one into a pocket or wallet is a huge faux pas — accept your card with profuse thanks, leave it on the table for the duration of the meeting, and file it away with respect a card-holder is an essential purchase for anyone here on business.

The offering is likely to be refused at first, and probably on the second attempt too — persevere and it will eventually be accepted with thanks.

The manner of receiving is also important — the receiving hand should be held from underneath by the non-receiving one, the distance up or down the arm dependent on exactly how polite you want to be. This will only come with experience and will not be expected of most foreigners, but you will be expected to take your shoes off once inside the house or apartment, so try to ensure that your socks are clean and hole-free.

Koreans also tend to make a big show of trying to pay, with the bill passing rapidly from hand to hand until the right person coughs up.

Just leave the sticks balanced on the rim of the bowl. The serving of drinks is a little less formal, though again the minutiae of recommended conduct could fill a small book — basically, you should never refill your own cup or glass, and should endeavour to keep topped up those belonging to others.

Koreans appear to be rude to strangers since they generally do not say a word when they accidentally push or jostle other people on the streets, and in the stores, train stations, and airports.

Traditional Confucian teaching emphasized propriety in the five sets of human relationships, which included the relations between sovereign and subject, father and son, husband and wife, senior and junior, and friend and friend.

Confucianism still serves as the standard of moral and social conduct for many people. As a result of constitutional guarantees of freedom of religion, there is a wide range of religious beliefs, from shamanism, Confucianism, and Buddhism to Christianity, Islam, and other religions. Indigenous folk beliefs and shamanism have co-evolved, sharing a fundamental belief in the existence of a myriad of gods such as the mountain gods, the house gods, and the fire god and spirits of the dead, all of which may influence people's fortunes.

Korean Buddhism has both doctrinal and meditative traditions. Buddhists believe that human suffering is caused mainly by desire. Thus, some Buddhists try to obtain enlightenment by cultivating an attitude of detachment, while others seek to fulfill their desires by offering prayers of requests to Kwanum, the Bodhisattva of Compassion.

Confucianism is a political and social philosophy that emphasizes the virtues of in , usually translated as "human-heartedness," and hyo or filial piety, which is expressed through ceremony such as ancestor rites. The Confucian concept of heaven is an impersonal yet willful force in nature and society, and is beyond human control. Early Korean Catholics who embraced Catholicism as part of Western Learning Sohak , suffered persecution during the Choson Dynasty for renouncing their ancestral rites as "pagan" rites.

Christianity, including both Catholicism and Protestantism, has become a major religion. Ch'ondogyo the Teaching of the Heavenly Way , which began as Tonghak Eastern Learning , founded by Ch'oe Che U in , is a syncretistic religion that grew on the grassroots level.

Shamans derive their power from their ability to serve as a medium between the spirit world and their clients during kut shaman rituals. The Buddhist and Christian clergy derive their power from their knowledge of scripture.

Another source of power for the clergy of major religions is the wealth their churches have accumulated from the contributions of followers. The activities of the Christian clergy include not only sermons but also routine personal visits to the homes of their congregants.

Buddhist monks may perform personalized prayer services in return for monetary donations. Rituals and Holy Places. A shaman keeps a shrine where her guardian deity and the instruments for ritual services are kept.

Kut , which include songs, dances, and incantations, are performed at various places to secure good fortune, cure illnesses, or guide the spirit of a deceased person to heaven. The National Confucian Academy in Seoul holds semi-monthly and semiannual ceremonies to honor Confucius, his disciples, and other Confucian sages. Christian churches are ubiquitous in urban and rural areas.

Some offer services not only on Sundays but also at predawn hours on weekdays. Leading Christian churches have huge new buildings that can accommodate several thousand worshipers. Buddhist temples used to be located away from urban centers near the mountains, but more temples are now being erected in urban areas.

Death and the Afterlife. Many Koreans believe in ancestral spirits and observe Confucian rituals concerning funerals, mourning practices, and memorial services.

Folk beliefs about the afterlife are somewhat influenced by Buddhism but are characterized by diversity. Mourning periods vary, depending on the social status of the deceased, from one day to two years. Selecting good grave sites according to geomantic principles is regarded as important for both the ancestral spirit and the descendants' Shoppers indulge in the markets and stores of the Namdaemun shopping district in downtown Seoul, South Korea.

At domestic rites performed on the eve of the death day and on major holidays, the ancestral image is that of living, dependent, and inactive parents to whom food and wine are offered. The health care system includes both Western and traditional medicine. As a result of increasing public demand for traditional medicine, the Oriental Medicine Bureau was established in the Ministry of Health and Welfare in There were 62, Western doctors and 9, traditional doctors in Traditional doctors practice acupuncture and prescribe herbal medicine for the prevention and treatment of illness.

Some people turn to a shaman for elaborate kut performance to cure illnesses attributed to evil spirits. The two most important national holidays are New Year's Day and Ch'usok which falls on the eighth full moon by the lunar calendar.

Koreans observe both solar and lunar New Year's holidays of which many people wear hanbok traditional dress , offer sebae New Year's greetings with a "big bow" to their parents, eat ttok-kuk rice-cake soup , play traditional games, and observe ancestor rites. On Ch'usok, the harvest festival celebrations include eating special foods such as songp'yon half-moon-shaped rice cakes and making family visits to ancestral graves to tidy the tomb area and offer fruits and other foods, including steamed rice cooked with newly harvested grain.

Korean classical literature was written in Chinese, and the late Koryo and early Choson sijo poems dealt mainly with the theme of loyalty. The kasa form of Choson poetry expressed individual sentiments and moral admonitions. After the creation of the Korean alphabet, many works of fiction were written in Han'gul and royal ladies wrote novels depicting their personal situations and private thoughts. Modern literature started in the mid-nineteenth century as a result of the new Western-style education and the Korean language and literature movement.

The themes of twentieth-century literature reflect the national experiences colonization, postliberation division of the homeland, the Korean War, urbanization, and industrialization. Translations of literary works began to appear in foreign countries in the s.

The novelists whose works have been most widely translated are Hwang Sun-won and Kim Tong-ri. Traditional brush paintings include realistic landscapes; genre paintings of flowers, birds, and the daily lives of ordinary people; and calligraphic presentations of Chinese phrases extolling Confucian virtues such as filial piety and loyalty decorated with designs and pictures. Traditional sculptures in bronze, stone, and rock were inspired by Buddhism.

The Sakyamuni Buddha in the rotunda of the Sokkuram Grotto is regarded as a national masterpiece. Korean music and dance evolved over three thousand years from the religious ceremonies of shamanism and Buddhism and often were linked to the agricultural cycle.

Traditional music has two genres: Chong'ak "correct music" , a genre of chamber music with a leisurely tempo and a meditative character, and minsok'ak folk music , characterized by spontaneity and emotionality. P'ansori as a category of folk vocal music is a unique combination of singing and storytelling by a single vocalist with the accompaniment of a changgo traditional drum.

The Tale of Ch'unhyang , a love story and one of the five extant traditional p'ansori compositions, requires more than eight hours to perform. Among folk instrumental music, samul nori has been the most popular form since the s.

The primarily percussive music is played on gongs made of bronze and leather and double-headed hourglass and barrel drums. Koreans also enjoy classical and popular Western music. South Korea has thirty-one symphony orchestras and has produced internationally renowned violinists such as Kyung-hwa Chung and Sarah Chang. There are two categories of traditional dance: Kut and nong-ak farmers' festival music , which combine music and dance with ritual and entertainment, continue to be popular.

Mask dances performed by villagers combined dance with satiric drama, making fun of erring officials and monks for entertainment and ethical edification. The Traditional Dance Institute of the Korean National University of Arts was established in to educate future generations in the traditional dance heritage.

The Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology was established by the government in as a model for research-oriented universities producing scientists and engineers. The Korean Science and Engineering Foundation and the Korea Research Foundation are the major funding agencies for university research in basic science.

The Academy of Korean Studies was founded in to encourage in-depth social science and humanities studies of the heritage of the Korean nation. Since , it has offered graduate courses in Korean studies. Echoes of the Past, Epics of Dissent: A South Korean Social Movement , Between Farm and Sea , The Zen Monastic Experience: Buddhist Practice in Contemporary Korea , The Dynamics of Korean Economic Development , Korea's Place in the Sun: A Modern History , The Korean Political Tradition and Law: Essays in Korean Law and Legal History , The Socialization of Shamans , Ancestor Worship and Korean Society , Home Was the Land of Morning Calm: A Saga of a Korean-American Family , Shamans, Housewives, and Other Restless Spirits: Women in Korean Ritual Life , Getting Married in Korea: Of Gender, Morality, and Modernity , An Ethnography of Korean Family Dispersal , The Culture of Korean Industry: An Ethnography of Poongsan Corporation , Art and Archaeology of Ancient Korea , A History from Ancient Times to , State and Society in Contemporary Korea , Korean Overseas Culture and Information Service.

A Handbook of Korea , The Politics of Korean Nationalisms , The Political Economy of South Korea , Introduction to Korean History and Culture , An Introduction to Shijo , Shima, Mutsuhiko, and Roger L. The Anthropology of Korea: East Asian Perspectives , Asian Experiences Past and Present , The Rise of the Korean Economy , 2nd ed.

Art through 5, Years , A Comparative Analysis , The Art of Korean Clothing , Culture Name South Korean. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. Urbanism, Architecture, and the Use of Space Traditionally, dwellings with thatched roofs and houses with clay-tile roofs symbolized rural—urban as well as lower-class—upper-class distinctions.

Food and Economy Food in Daily Life. Social Stratification Classes and Castes. Social Welfare and Change Programs Much progress has been made in the area of social welfare since the s, especially in the health care system. Nongovernmental Organizations and Other Associations Until the late s, civil organizations generally developed in opposition to the government and contributed to democratization. Marriage, Family, and Kinship Marriage. Etiquette Koreans are very status conscious, and their speech behavior reflects the hierarchical relationship between social actors.

Medicine and Health Care The health care system includes both Western and traditional medicine. Secular Celebrations The two most important national holidays are New Year's Day and Ch'usok which falls on the eighth full moon by the lunar calendar.

The Arts and Humanities Literature. The State of the Physical and Social Sciences The Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology was established by the government in as a model for research-oriented universities producing scientists and engineers. Christianity in Modern Korea , Kinship System in Korea , Women in Korean Politics , Your research is very sophisticated and detailed.

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여보! (Hello) and Welcome to our Guide to South Korean Culture, Customs, Business Practices & Etiquette. In a country where almost half the population have the same last name, you may be forgiven for becoming a little confused about who is who and what is what.

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Korea is a drinking culture, and their national booze is soju, a clear, vodka-like drink. Soju is drunk out of shot glasses, and like all liquor in Korea, it’s always served with food. South Korea occupies the southern half of the Korean peninsula, which protrudes about miles (1, kilometers) southward from the Eurasian landmass between Soviet Siberia in the northeast and Chinese Manchuria to the north.

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South Korea - Daily life and social customs: The once-dominant Confucian culture—with its emphasis on respect for ancestors, age, and seniority—continues to influence Korean family, work, and social life, albeit to a lesser degree than in the past. Korea – Divided by Boundaries, United by Culture. Until , Korea was a single country on the world map but political unrest resulted in a division of the region into .