Your paper's abstract should stand alone on the page directly after the title page. If you include an abstract with your paper, begin the rest of the paper on a new page after the abstract with the body of your paper following the introduction on that page.
Remove any information from your introduction that doesn't help readers follow your argument or better understand your point of view. Use leading statements, such as, "The evidence suggests As curriculum developer and educator, Kristine Tucker has enjoyed the plethora of English assignments she's read and graded! Her experiences as vice-president of an energy consulting firm have given her the opportunity to explore business writing and HR.
Tucker has a BA and holds Ohio teaching credentials. The database based on Word Net is a lexical database for the English Language. About the Author As curriculum developer and educator, Kristine Tucker has enjoyed the plethora of English assignments she's read and graded! Depending on which text editor you're pasting into, you might have to add the italics to the site name.
Facts on Apes for Kids. How to Design a Qualitative Research Outline. How to Write an Inquiry Paper. Define any key terms or concepts. It may be necessary for you to clarify any key terms or concepts early on in your introduction.
You need to express yourself clearly throughout your paper so if you leave an unfamiliar term or concept unexplained you risk your readers not having a clear understanding of your argument. Introduce the topic through an anecdote or quotation. If you are writing a humanities or social science essay you can find more literary ways to begin your introduction and announce the topic of your paper. It is common for humanities essays in particular to begin with an illustrative anecdote or quotation that points to the topic of the research.
This is a variation of the "inverted triangle" technique and can generate interest in your paper in a more imaginative way and demonstrate an engaging writing style.
If you use an anecdote ensure that is short and highly relevant for your research. It has to function in the same way as an alternative opening, namely to announce the topic of your research paper to your reader. For example, if you were writing a sociology paper about re-offending rates among young offenders, you could include a brief story of one person whose story reflects and introduces your topic. This kind of approach is generally not appropriate for the introduction to a natural or physical sciences research paper where the writing conventions are different.
Include a brief literature review. Depending on the overall length of your paper, it will be necessary to include a review of the existing literature already published in the field. This is an important element of your paper which demonstrates that you have a strong knowledge and understanding of the debates and scholarship in your area. You should aim to indicate that you have a broad knowledge, but that you are engaging in the specific debates most relevant to your own research.
It is important to be concise in the introduction, so provide an overview on recent developments in the primary research rather than a lengthy discussion. A strong literature review presents important background information to your own research and indicates the importance of the field. Use the literature to focus in on your contribution.
A concise but comprehensive literature review can be a very effective way to frame your own research paper. As you develop your introduction, you can move from the literature to focus in on your own work and its position relevant to the broader scholarship. By making clear reference to existing work you can demonstrate explicitly the specific contribution you are making to move the field forward. You can identify a gap in the existing scholarship and explain how you are addressing it and moving understanding forward.
Elaborate on the rationale of your paper. Once you have framed your work within a broader context you can elaborate more fully on the rationale of your research and its particular strengths and importance. The rationale should clearly and concisely indicate the value of your paper and its contribution to the field. For example, if you are writing a scientific paper you could stress the merits of the experimental approach or models you have used.
Stress what is novel in your research and the significance of your new approach, but don't give too much detail in the introduction. State your research questions. Once you have indicated where your research sits in the field and the general rationale for your paper, you can specify the research questions the paper addresses. The literature review and rationale frames your research and introduces your research question. This question should be developed fluently from the earlier parts of the introduction and shouldn't come as a surprise to the reader.
An example of a research question could be "what were the consequences of the North American Free Trade Agreement on the Mexican export economy? A good research question should shape a problem into a testable hypothesis. After you have specified your research questions you need to give a clear and concise articulation of your hypothesis, or your thesis statement.
This is a statement which indicates your essay will make a specific contribution and have a clear result rather than just covering a broader topic. If possible try to avoid using the word "hypothesis" and rather make this implicit in your writing. In a scientific paper, giving a clear one-sentence overview of your results and their relation to your hypothesis makes the information clear and accessible. Outline the structure of your paper. In some cases the final part of an introduction to a research paper will be a few lines that provide an overview of the structure of the body of the paper.
This is not always necessary and you should pay attention to the writing conventions in your discipline. In a natural sciences paper, for example, there is a fairly rigid structure which you will be following. Sample Research Introduction for Humanities. Sample Research Introduction Starters. There's no official word count for an introduction but brevity is the soul of clarity.
Do a sentence to get the reader interested in your topic and a sentence to state your thesis. You also want to include a few sentences briefly outlining the important points in the paper and some background information, if necessary. Write at least five to eight clear, concise sentences. Get to the point and don't make it too wordy. Not Helpful 13 Helpful I want to write an introduction on my research; the topic is carbohydrates. How can I do this? Carbohydrates are one of the three macronutrients in our diet fat and protein being the others.
They exist in many forms and are mainly found in starchy foods such as bread, pasta, and rice, as well as in some beverages, e. Carbohydrates represent the most important source of energy for the body, and are vital for a varied and balanced diet.
Not Helpful 21 Helpful Start with "I am so and so, here to present this" and not "My name is so and so. Not Helpful 24 Helpful How would I write a research introduction about addiction to online gaming? Explain how online gaming has become a daily activity for many people and how it becomes addictive.
Outline the basic points of the research you plan to present in the rest of your paper without getting into specifics. Not Helpful 16 Helpful How do I write a research introduction on the high school drop out rate? Start with a statistic and work from there. The best thing you can start with is a catchy piece of information or phrase.
Not Helpful 7 Helpful How do I write a research introduction on computer buses and performance? You can say something like: Regardless of that the computer performance can be hindered by various ways. According to this research l discovered the following..
Not Helpful 0 Helpful 2. I am writing about restorative justice, plea of temporary insanity for murder and what we can do as psychologists. Can you give me a clue for introduction? Give an overview of the current state, heavily cited, and why it leads you to believe a closer look is warranted. Use the intro to provide justification for the rest of the paper being written.
APA format is a specific writing style that is used to cite references within the social sciences fields. High school and college students, as well as career professionals, often use APA format when writing research papers or literature reviews. APA style specifically refers only to the formatting of content and not the content itself. Guidelines on writing an introduction are helpful in getting started on the introduction for .
So to complement my discussion of writing publishable scientific articles, I’ve created an infographic showing some of the major ideas you should consider when writing the introduction to an APA-style research paper. This approach will work well in most social scientific fields, especially Psychology.
An APA Research Paper Model Thomas Delancy and Adam Solberg wrote the following research paper for introduction states the topic and the main questions to be explored. The researchers supply background research has focused mainly on how nutrition affects cognition. However, as Green, Elliman, and Rogers () point out, the effects of. How to write an introduction to a research paper. You cannot write an introduction for a research paper in the same way you write one for an essay. While some tips indeed work for both cases, the others simply don't apply. A research paper is a complex and very scientific task, so, for example, appealing to the reader's emotions won't work.
APA Sample Paper. Media File: APA Sample Paper. Conducting Research Introduction; Research Overview. Where do I begin? Online vs. Print; Sources; Primary Research; Cover Letters 2: Preparing to Write a Cover Letter. Researching Job Positions; Reading Job Ads; Researching Companies;. How to Write an Introduction & Conclusion for an APA Style Paper By Anne Pyburn Craig ; Updated June 25, Determining what kind of writing style to use may be confusing with acronyms like MLA, AP and APA.